Vancouver Park Board staff have drafted proposed bylaw changes that would allow homeless people to camp overnight in city parks.
According to a staff report, a rising number of people have been seeking temporary shelter in parks and public spaces due to the ongoing homelessness crisis in Vancouver, impacting public access to park space and amenities.
In July 2019, staff say they were directed to report back on options to manage camping and encampments in parks.
Staff is now recommending several amendments to sections of the Parks Control Bylaw, which restrict temporary shelter in parks.
Ban on shelters unconstitutional
The report cites a 2009 B.C. Supreme Court ruling which established that preventing a homeless person from putting up a tent for overnight shelter breaches their constitutional rights. As such, staff say several park board bylaws are unconstitutional, including:
- Remaining in a park after posted hours (Section 3b).
- Taking up temporary abode overnight (Section 10).
- Erecting any tent or shelter without permission (Section 11).
Park staff are proposing the Parks Control Bylaw be amended to allow people to erect temporary overnight shelters in parks “when they have no other housing or shelter options.”
The relevant sections would be modified to allow for temporary shelters, with guidance on where they can be erected, what restrictions apply and how the space can be used.
The report recommends that shelters only be permitted overnight and be removed each morning, that is dusk to 7 a.m., with an extra hour for cleanup, unless the park board general manager designates an area for temporary daytime shelter.
Staff say they have identified several areas where shelters would not be allowed:
- On or within a beach, pond, lake or dock, trail, bridge, seawall, roadway or park entrance.
- Natural area.
- Flowerbed or horticultural display area.
- Pool or water park.
- Sports field, sports court or golf course.
- Community centre or fieldhouse.
- Bleacher, stage, gazebo, public monument, picnic area, picnic shelter or washroom.
- Designated off-leash dog area.
- Designated special event area.
- Within 25 metres of playgrounds and schools.
Other restrictions include:
- A footprint no greater than nine square metres.
- No campfires, lighted candles, propane lanterns or stoves or similar devices.
- Shelters cannot be left unattended.
- Shelters can’t be used to sell goods or conduct business without the permission of the park board.
The amendments were supposed to be reviewed at a special board meeting in March 2020, but the meeting was delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The special meeting will now take place July 13, 2020.